Labour law regulates the legal issues related to employment relationships. The basis of an employment relationship is an employment contract, which has to be concluded within the framework of labour law provisions (laws, regulations, collective agreements and company agreements). Occupational safety and health is also an important aspect of labour law. Furthermore, European Union regulations are of increasing significance.
Individual labour law
These are the legal provisions which regulate the individual legal relationship between employees and employers. This includes, for example, the rights and duties laid down in an employment contract. There are laws which apply to all employees, such as the Holidays Act. There are, however, also laws which related to specific employment relationships or occupational groups, such as the Salaried Employees Act.
Occupational safety and health is an important field of individual labour law.
Collective labour law
Collective labour law or labour relations law summarises those legal provisions which regulate the relationship between trade unions, works councils and staff committees on the one hand and employers and their organisations on the other.
The Labour Relations Act (Arbeitsverfassungsgesetz) is the most important law in collective labour law. It regulates the legal basis for collective agreements (collective legal structure) and the tasks and powers of the works council (industrial relations law).